Patients with high blood sugar will often have frequent urination; they will get increasingly thirsty and hungry. An estimated 29 million Americans have diabetes and 382 million individuals worldwide. Diabetes has become one of the nation’s top chronic health concerns.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
Common signs of diabetes:
- Urinating often
- Feeling thirsty
- Feeling hungry – even though you are eating
- Extreme fatigue
- Blurry vision
- Cuts/bruises that are sluggish to heal
- Weight loss – even though you are eating more (type 1)
- Tingling, discomfort, or numbness in the hands/feet (type 2)
- Early detection and treatment of diabetes can lower the chance of developing complications of diabetes.
What are the risk factors for diabetes?
Family history. If you have relatives with diabetes, chances are significant you’ll get it, too. You should get tested for diabetes if you have a family member who has type 1 diabetes. Diagnosing it is as simple as performing a blood test.
Diseases of the pancreatic. They can slow its ability to generate insulin.
Infection or illness. Some diseases and conditions, generally rare ones, can affect your pancreas.
Type 2. If you have this variety, your body can’t use the insulin it creates. This is termed insulin resistance. Type 2 mainly affects adults, but it can occur at any stage in your life. The primary things that lead to it are:
Obesity is being overweight. Research suggests this is a primary reason for type 2 diabetes. Because of the surge in obesity among U.S. youth, this type impacts more teenagers.
Impaired glucose tolerance. Prediabetes is a milder variant of this illness. It can be diagnosed with a simple blood test. There’s a significant probability you’ll have type 2 diabetes if you have it.
Insulin resistance. Type 2 diabetes generally starts with cells that are resistant to insulin. That means your pancreas has to work extra hard to create enough insulin to meet your body’s needs.
What is the difference between Diabetes Types 1 and 2?
Type 1 diabetes: The body does not manufacture insulin. Some people may refer to this form as insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes, or early-onset diabetes. People frequently get type 1 diabetes before their 40th year, commonly in early adulthood or adolescence. Type 1 diabetes is nowhere near as frequent as type 2 diabetes. Approximately 10 percent of all diabetes cases are this type. Patients with type 1 diabetes will need to take insulin shots for the rest of their life. They must also ensure normal blood-glucose levels by carrying out regular blood tests and following a particular diet.
Type 2 diabetes – The body does not create enough insulin for proper function, or the cells do not react to insulin (insulin resistance) (insulin resistance). Approximately 90 percent of all occurrences of diabetes globally are type 2.
What type of complications are related to diabetes?
- Skin complications
- Eye complications
Types of Diabetes
Diabetes is classified into four subtypes: type 1, type 2, gestational diabetes, and prediabetes.
Diabetes Type 1
Although this form is most frequently diagnosed in children, adolescents, and young adults, it can occur at any age. Type 1 diabetes develops when the pancreas fails to produce insulin. This means that you must take insulin daily. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), around 5% to 10% of people with diabetes have this kind.
Diabetes Type 2
This variety can occur at any age but is more prevalent in those over 40. Type 2 diabetes develops when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the insulin is not used correctly by the body. This kind of diabetes affects approximately 90% to 95% of people with diabetes. While type 2 diabetes has historically been more prevalent in adults, type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents is increasing.
Diabetes During Pregnancy
Some women who do not have diabetes acquire gestational diabetes during pregnancy. Although gestational diabetes resolves typically after the baby is born, it increases your and your kid’s chance of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
As the name implies, prediabetes increases your risk of acquiring type 2 diabetes. This stage occurs when your blood sugar levels are more significant than usual but not high enough to diagnose type 2. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 96 million adults in the United States have prediabetes. This represents more than a third of all adults. Regrettably, more than 84 percent are unaware they have it.
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