Everything To Know About The Canadian Education System And How It Works

What’s the first thing that crops up in your mind when you think about Canada? Do you tend to think about celebrities like Jim Carrey or Ryan Reynolds? Or is it due to certain top educators offering world-class education globally? Yes, Canada ranks incessantly as one of the best countries in the world for students to study abroad. You can also get paper help services from well educated experts.

In fact, between 2014 and 2018, the number of international students in Canada increased by 68%. In 2018, 721,205 international students at all levels studied in Canada– the largest number ever. Again, over 404,000 international students saw their study permits took effect in 2019.

Let’s dive straight in. Shall we?

The Quality Of Education In Canada: Comprehending The System Structure

Canada is one of the most educated countries in the world.

Canada has both private and public education systems. This implies Canada spends proportionately more on education than the average among OECD countries.

Now, although it varies from province to province, the education system of Canada comprises of four levels-

  • Pre-Elementary

It is mandatory in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, while everywhere else is optional.

They are provided by private, public, or federal schools, based on where one chooses to send their child.

  • Primary

In 2019/20, approximately 4.98 million students were enrolled in public elementary and secondary schools in Canada. Primary education or elementary school is mandatory for children, starting in grade 1, usually at the age of 6 or 7. It goes until grade 6, i.e. for children at the ages of 11 to 12 years old.

In Canada, students at this stage tend to have only one teacher who teaches them all the subjects in the same classroom with similar students. Additionally, special education classes are also available.

The elementary curriculum covers various subjects like reading, math, English Language (French in Quebec), science, history, music, social studies, physical education, and art. The challenges of the courses increases as students advance in grades.

  • Secondary

The secondary education system in Canada comprises two levels- junior high school and high school. Junior high school or intermediate education instantly follows after the completion of elementary school. It’s a two-year stage of education that incorporates grades 7 and 8.

These two years provide students with the opportunity to adapt to the changes of switching classrooms and teachers throughout the day. High School is the last stage of secondary education that arrives when students reach grade 8. They remain in this stage for four years, until grade 11 or 12 (16-18 ages, based on the student’s situations and province)

Until the age of 16, by law, students need to stay in school, irrespective of what grade they are in when they reach that age.

In New Brunswick and Ontario, the law states that students must remain in school until 18 or until they have successfully earned a high school diploma. In Quebec, secondary education ends in grade 11, usually followed by a two-year pre-university program called Cegep.

The schools of the Canadian education system have diligently and thoughtfully devised their curriculum to prepare students remarkably for higher education. Certain provinces even offer job training at the high school level.

  • Post-Secondary Education

Statista asserts that in 2020, roughly 388,782 international students were enrolled in post-secondary institutions in Canada. Post-secondary education in Canada comprises universities, colleges, and educational institutes covering various educational kinds, like academic, vocational, or professional.  This list consists of technical institutes, language schools, and universities that witness huge enrolments not only from North American applicants but also internationally-

  • Universities

Compared to the higher education institutions throughout the world, Canadian universities offer highly rated STEM courses and programs in Business and Management, Social Sciences, Arts and Humanities, and Languages, amongst others.

  • University Colleges

A vital component of the Canadian education system, university colleges also offer a limited number of applied or academic science programs. Additionally, they also run Second Language, university transfer and bridge programs.

  • Technical Institutes and Colleges

These institutes and colleges, focusing on professional learning and technical knowledge dissemination, offer short-term programs in specific areas of studies like IT, Hospitality, Travel and Tourism, Business, and the likes. Furthermore, the Association of Canadian Community Colleges is a leading pan-Canada consortium of universities that incorporates many technical institutes.

  • Career Colleges

Another pivotal component of the Canadian education system is the career colleges. A look at the popular capital budgeting assignment help forums will reveal tertiary institutes provide short-term training programs in computer/IT, film studies, entertainment, graphic design, animation, fashion designing, hospitality, and other related fields.

  • Language Schools

Since English and French are the official languages of Canada, with numerous states using French, language schools enable international students to acculturate into Canada. They typically offer courses on French as First Language (FSL) and English as Second Language (ESL).

  • Vocational Schools

Apart from community colleges offering vocational training, students are also provided with the opportunity to learn a trade or vocation at technical schools spread throughout Canada.

Final Thoughts

Education is one of the highest priorities for the Canadian government.

Canada’s impressive education success rate didn’t come from anywhere!

Author Bio

Michael Haydon is an eminent career coach. Professionally, Michael works for an eminent academic writing service,, where he is immensely popular among students for her quality new product development assignment help solutions.

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